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Maternal gestational diabetes and infant feeding, nutrition and growth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with birth complications and, for the offspring, increased risk of insulin resistance, childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes in adulthood. This review aimed to clarify whether infant feeding, growth and nutritional intake in the first 2 years contribute to the mechanisms of these increased risks.

Maternal gestational diabetes and infant feeding, nutrition and growth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.2021-04-05T14:08:48+10:00

Breastfeeding and Diabetes, Gemma Macdonald, BSc (Hons)

Diabetes is increasing worldwide and as a consequence is having a greater impact on mothers, revealing concerns for breastfeeding outcomes. Diabetes is a complex condition, combining genetic and non-genetic causes. People with diabetes need a genetic predisposition and do not get diabetes simply because they ‘gained weight’ or ‘ate too many sweets’. There are three main types of diabetes: • type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) • type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) • gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). All types of diabetes result in increased sugar (glucose) in the blood due to a lack of or an insufficient amount of insulin (hormone that moves sugar from our blood to our cells so it can be used to make energy), or a resistance to the normal effects of insulin.

Breastfeeding and Diabetes, Gemma Macdonald, BSc (Hons)2021-04-05T14:30:34+10:00
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